Several types of research have talked about how ‘Cannabidiol’ has been a game-changer by being the “magic ingredient” in the lives of many. On the contrary, there is research that also says it does more harm than it does well to people. I get asked a lot as a beauty blogger and writer about my own thoughts about it, so I thought I’d do some more thorough research and put an opinion piece together.
Cannabidiol or also known as CBD is a naturally occurring compound that was discovered around the 1940s. This compound is one of the 113 active components found in the Cannabis plant and it is prevalent in 40 percent of the plant’s extract, which is the second most abundant compound in the plant, after tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), another active ingredient in the Cannabis plant.
There are two recognized forms of the Cannabis Sativa plant; Hemp, and Marijuana. According to the Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018 (The Farm bill), CBD that is derived from Hemp; produced as per the norms and regulations associated with the Agricultural Improvement Act, is considered to be legal.
Many methods are involved in extracting CBD from the Cannabis plant. The most common method used is extraction using Ethanol. The Ethanol first undergoes boiling and condensation, after which, the flowers are soaked in this mild Ethanol, and CBD is extracted. This process is also known as Winterization.
One benefit of using Ethanol is that it cleans, and gets rid of most of the other non-essential elements. This solution later undergoes either chromatography, or distillation, and is processed for further use.
How Does CBD Work?
The Human Body consists of an Endocannabinoid system, which is a set of neurotransmitters present all around the body, particularly found in the central nervous system, and the peripheral nervous system. These neurotransmitters are responsible for the major physiological and cognitive processes that happen in the body time after time.
The Endocannabinoid system consists of two primary neurotransmitters; The CB1 and the CB2 receptors. CBD does not work directly with the endocannabinoid system. It rather sends signals through the brain and helps the endocannabinoid system produce its cannabinoids.
Since there is no direct interaction of CBD with the Endocannabinoid system, it does not alter or cause any impairment to the physical or cognitive functioning of the body, making it completely safe to use.
Types Of CBD
Cannabidiol can be classified mainly into three categories based on its composition:
Full-spectrum CBD – These types of products are derived from the whole plant extract, without removing any of its compounds (cannabinoids, terpenes, etc.) that are found cannabis; i.e. you would find a mix of any of the 113 phytocannabinoids present in them.
Broad-spectrum CBD – These are also derived from the whole plant extract, but with THC removed. The final product is the same as full-spectrum, but with no THC.
CBD Isolates – These products contain only CBD that is isolated and is an active ingredient in these products. There is no other cannabinoid present in these.
Different CBD Products
- CBD TOPICALS: These products address the causes of everything related to the topical concerns of the body. These products range from CBD creams, lotions, salves, hair care, bath care, face masks, and serums.
- CBD OILS AND TINCTURES: While in CBD oils, CBD extract is infused with a carrier oil like coconut oil, tinctures have an alcohol base. Tinctures and oils can be consumed orally or sublingually. Oils can also be applied directly on the affected areas of the skin for skin diseases or joint pain.
- CBD VAPES: A CBD vape is a pen-shaped vaporizer used for vaping CBD juice. The CBD is consumed by inhaling the vapor. This is one of the fastest methods to see CBD effects.
- CBD EDIBLES: Edibles include CBD gummies, chocolates, candies, coffee, and many more. These are best for people who dislike the earthy taste of CBD oil and who have problems in swallowing a pill/capsule.
- CBD PILLS AND CAPSULES: These are easy to use and carry, and a better option for people who are just starting on CBD, as each dose is premeasured. However this is a slow method of consumption, as the CBD first undergoes the whole digestive process, before being absorbed in the bloodstream.
Can CBD Cause Confusion?
The interactions of CBD are indirect on the body, i.e. on the contrary to THC which directly interacts with the receptors, CBD gives a push to the Endocannabinoid system to produce its cannabinoids, rather than producing it for the body.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-intoxicating substance, i.e. it draws its focus to therapeutic care rather than being psychoactive; which means that consumption of CBD does not give you a feeling of being “high” or “stoned”.
A controlled consumption of CBD is completely safe, and does not stand as a cause of any confusion in the cognitive process, although CBD does have a relaxing and calming effect on the user.
Benefits Of CBD
- CBD And Brain Health
According to a study published in 2017, Most of the hindrances we find in our brain health are mainly caused due to inflammation, oxygen build-up, and brain cell decline.
These are the underlying causes of the most prominent brain health issues including Alzheimer’s Disease, Parkinson’s disease, ADHD, and Dementia.
CBD as an anti-inflammatory agent helps in
- reducing motor symptoms like trembling and rigidity;
- ensuring proper oxygen supply and proper blood circulation in the brain;
- increasing the brain cell activity to help reduce brain cell damage.
These benefits have proven to even reverse most of these conditions caused due to brain damage.
- CBD And Heart Health
In a study published by the American Society for Clinical Investigation; CBD’s interactions with the endocannabinoid system, helps to improve the heart’s function by
- Regulating the Body Temperature.
- Lowering Blood Pressure.
- Reducing Inflammation.
- Managing Blood Coagulation.
High blood pressure is linked to a number of health conditions, including stroke, heart attack and metabolic syndrome.
A good CBD oil may be able to help with your high blood pressure.
In one recent study Nine healthy men were given 600 mg of CBD oil and found it reduced resting blood pressure, compared to a placebo.
- CBD And Weight Management
Cannabidiol (CBD) works indirectly on the activation of these CB1 receptors by sending signals through the brain to the Endocannabinoid system to produce cannabinoids responsible for the activation of these CB1 receptors.
This boosts the metabolism of the individual, leading to a significant amount of weight loss.
A comparative study in 2018 mentions that CBD helped in reduced food intake, which supported the need for mechanical and behavioral work, thereby exhibiting the anti-obesity effects of Cannabidiol.
- CBD For Pain Management And Anxiety
CBD reacts with the ECS system to produce stimuli to help the cells respond to pain. These responses created are anti-inflammatory that helps with pain management.
In several types of research conducted, the effect of CBD on Human Beings has been shown to enhance Anandamide signaling in the brain.
This is required to maintain healthy levels of feelings linked to well-being and happiness, thereby reducing anxiety.
If you are considering giving CBD atry, to manage your anxiety, depression or pain it is best to go for a popular brand like FabCBD, specifically designed to treat symptoms of anxiety and depression and claimed to be made from only natural ingredients, thus guarding against unpleasant side effects.
- CBD And Skin Health
According to a clinical trial published in 2019, The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties present in CBD helps control the production of excessive sebum, which thereby leads to a visible reduction in skin conditions like acne, eczema, psoriasis, dryness, aging, and skin concerns caused due to free radical damage.
CBD has immense benefits for the human body, when consumed in recommended quantities.
CBD interacts with the receptors of this ECS system and maintains its proper functioning.
While THC binds with these receptors directly and thus causes psychogenic effect, CBD does not interact with these receptors the same way.
To conclude, controlled consumption of CBD under medical supervision is completely safe, and does not stand as a cause of any confusion occurring in the cognitive abilities of a human being.